Economically- and ecologically-optimal pest control, accomplished through coordinated use of multiple tactics that maintain pest damage below injury thresholds while minimizing hazard to non-target organisms, is the modern definition of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). The IPM approach, developed under OMAF’s guidance 50 years ago, has evolved beyond a one plant, one pest, one control framework to embody a multi-faceted integration of scientific disciplines. This presentation will review categories and examples of control methods, and identify practical applications related to residential and commercial landscape management. Additional aspects will include identifying indicator weeds and nutrient deficiency symptoms in grasses and ornamentals. Recent technological advances, such as predictive models and field-friendly instruments, and their roles in facilitating effective scheduling of cultural practice, will also be discussed. Results from field evaluations of stabilized urea (both foliar and granular application), certified-organic, sustainably-organic, and polymer-coated granular fertilizer treatments will be presented.